A pyramid is a structure whose outer surfaces are triangular and converge to a single point at the top, making the shape roughly a pyramid in the geometric sense. The base of a pyramid can be trilateral, quadrilateral, or of any polygon shape.
For thousands of years, the largest structures on Earth were pyramids, constructed across the globe by various ancient civilisations, with the largest pyramid by volume being the Great Pyramid of Cholula, in the Mexican state of Puebla.
1 – Monte d’Accoddi – Sardina
Monte d’Accoddi is an ancient megalithic structure in northern Sardinia, Italy and dates from around c. 4,000-3,650 BCE. The structure was initially built by the Ozieri culture, a prehistoric pre-Nuragic civilisation that constructed more than 200 related archaeological sites.
The structure was damaged around 3000 BCE with archaeological evidence suggesting traces of burning as a possible cause. By 2800 BCE, the original structure was restored with additional platforms and a step pyramid that reached around 10 metres in height.
The pyramid is believed to be the earliest known sacrificial site in Western Europe, evident by the trace remains of sheep, cattle and swine in the chalcolithic Abealzu-Filigosa layers.
10 ancient pyramids around the world
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